Balancing the Three Principal Energies of the Body with Ayurvedic Medicine

Ayurvedic medicine is a practice of medicine that comes from ancient India. It is based on a holistic approach to physical and mental health. It is one of the world’s oldest medical systems and it remains one of India’s traditional health care systems. Ayurvedic treatments, which examine diet, exercise and lifestyle, primarily combine products derived from plants, but may also include animal, metal and mineral. 

Ayurvedic medicine is based on the idea of balancing the three vital energies of the body, otherwise known as doshas. The three doshas are vata, pitta and kapha.

Ayurveda literally means knowledge of life and the practice dates back over 5,000 years all the way back to the ancient Sanskrit texts, known as the vedas.

The practice of Ayurvedic Medicine is a holistic system of healing that looks at the physical constitution, the emotional nature, and the spiritual outlook. It is designed to treat the person as a whole, rather than focusing on diagnosing a single ailment or illness.

The three universal energies or doshas are thought to be determined upon one’s birth creating a personal blueprint. As you move through life, this personal blueprint continually fluctuates according to your environment. Things like climate, your age, and many other factors are also responsible for these fluctuations.

These fluctuations can affect many things such as your health, your energy and even your mood. If you have ever considered seeking out an Ayurvedic practitioner, there are some things you should be aware of when it comes to the doshas and what they really mean.


There are some common characteristics when it comes to the different doshas. For example, those with the vata dosha tend to be lanky and thin. They also tend to be mentally and physically active and they enjoy creative endeavors. 

When this dosha is well balanced, it helps feed an active imagination, aids in flexibility and also helps one think in an original manner.

If this dosha becomes unbalanced, someone may feel anxious, ungrounded or even flaky about sticking to commitments or completing projects. This dosha may also cause cold hands or feet, constipation or dry skin. Those with this dosha are affected by the influence of air, which may in turn cause insomnia or low immunity.


The pitta dosha is dominated by the element of fire, which makes this type innately strong and intense, which can lead to irritability. Those with the pitta dosha tend to be of medium build with a powerful muscular frame.

These types of people tend to be strong willed, and very good at doing what they think is right. They are intensely competitive while also being quick leaners and natural leaders. This type also has a strong appetite, and they may also suffer from inflammation, rashes or acne. In order for this type of person to balance out their fiery character, they need to look for productive ways to learn and recognize their destructive power. 


Those with the kapha dosha tend to have strong frames and they may also be naturally athletic, assuming they are exercising and managing their weight. The kapha dosha is influenced by the earth and water elements, which makes them innately stable.

The kapha dosha is also compassionate and loyal and they appreciate doing things in a methodical kind of way. This type prefers sticking to their daily routine in both their personal and professional lives.

If this type of dosha gets unbalanced, they may become unmotivated or even stubborn. As a result, their metabolism tends to be slower. To balance out this tendency, the kapha dosha would benefit from exposing themselves to new environments, people, and occasionally fasting.

Combination of Doshas

Most people’s energy tends to be some kind of combination of doshas, rather that strictly one dosha. For example, you may be a combination of two doshas (bi-doshic), or a combination of three doshas (tri-doshic).

If you are bi-doshic you most likely share qualities strongly with two doshic types, which is actually the combination most of us are. This type of dual constitution is in a sense, split and under certain conditions one dosha may be stronger than the other depending on the circumstances.

Those who are tri-doshic have equal amounts of each doshic influence. This type of influence creates a very strong, stable and adaptable type of person. However, if the tri-doshic person gets unbalanced for some reason, they may be prone to bouts of poor health.

How is Ayurvedic Medicine Different?

The main difference in this type of holistic treatment is the idea that practitioners encourage lifestyle interventions along with holistic and natural therapies. This is done to help rebalance the mind, body and spirit.

Typical ayurvedic treatments begin with some type of cleansing or purification process, followed up by different kinds of remedies such as yoga, meditation, massage therapy or herbal remedies. Special diets may also be recommended.

The main difference in this type of mind-body medicine is the idea that it is based on the interconnectedness between the body’s constitution or prakriti, and the life forces or doshas.

The overall goal of treatment is to help the person by cleansing impurities, reducing worry and stress while increasing resistance, which helps support greater harmony.

Ayurvedic treatments are wonderful complementary treatments and can be used in conjunction with conventional medical care, making it a smart choice for those interested in holistic healing.

While this type of medicine is not as widely researched or practiced in the Western world, it can be very beneficial for those who have not found suitable remedies with traditional medicine.

The practice of Ayurvedic medicine is well-suited for those who practice yoga or meditation or other mind-body practices, because of the holistic focus.

If you are looking for an alternative method of healing that is based on years of tradition, ayurvedic medicine may be perfect for you.

Are you looking for some lifestyle or nutrition tips? If you would like to build healthy habits that will stick, try working with one of our experienced holistic nutritionists to help you in making diet and fitness choices that will suit your lifestyle. At ZentasticFit, our holistic nutritionists are here to help you start building better habits with one-on-one virtual coaching sessions. Browse our dietitians and nutritionists today and find the right fit for you!


By Jordan Blair

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